Prewar and Postwar Countries 1939-1947

The DXCC Countries 1939-1947. Second World War II caused a lot of political changes and this caused also lot of changes in the DX Countries List. It was not easy to construct a good Countries List, but the the ARRL cleared the job. The new DXCC list was published in February, 1947, QST (page 49-50). If you compare the 1947 Countries List with the last Prewar List, then some changes are remarkable. However the DXCC rules did not tell how countries did count for the DXCC award and how a new country could get on the list. The removed/Changed “Countries“ Russian countries After World War II all prefixes of Russia did change, but kept in the ITU-Block UAA-UZZ. During the war, Russia did expand its territory, anf this caused some new Sovjet republics, and thus new countries. Other regions of the country were split into different Sovjet republics, and all became a DXCC country. Two strange countries, Tanna Tuva and Wrangel Island did appear in the prewar and postwar DXCC list without a change. From both countries, no one was active from there, and the countries had no prefix. The Baltic countries, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania Prior to World War II Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania each experienced an authoritarian head of state who had come to power after a bloodless coup: Konstantin Päts in Estonia (1934), Kārlis Ulmanis in Latvia (1934), and Antanas Smetona in Lithuania (1926) In accordance with a secret protocol within the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of 1939 that divided Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence, the Soviet Army entered eastern Poland in September 1939, and then coerced Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania into mutual assistance treaties which granted them the right to establish military bases in these. In June 1940, the Red Army occupied all of the territory of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, and the Red Army installed new, pro-Soviet governments in all three countries. The Soviet control of the Baltic states was interrupted by Nazi German invasion of this region in 1941. The German occupation lasted until late 1944 (in Courland, until early 1945), when the countries were reoccupied by the Red Army and Soviet rule was re-established. All 3 states got a prefix from the Russian ITU Block. Lithuania got UP, Latvia got UQ and Estonia got UR as prefix. It would take many years until the baltic States got their prewar prefix back (LY, YL and ES) Transcaucasia (prefix U6) Transcaucasia, or the South Caucasus, is a geographical region in the vicinity of the southern Caucasus Mountains on the border of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Transcaucasia roughly corresponds to modern Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan.Transcaucasia and Ciscaucasia (North Caucasus) together comprise the larger Caucasus geographical region that divides Eurasia. After the fall of the Russian Empire in 1918, the Transcaucasia region was unified into a single political entity twice; as Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic from 9 April 1918 to 26 May 1918, and as Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic from 12 March 1922 to 5 December 1936, each time to be dissolved into separate republics Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. After World War II, Transcaucasia was divided into Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and some parts did go to the Russian federation. They got the Russian prefixes; UA6 - Russian Federation UD6 - Azerbaijan UF6 - Georgia UG6 - Armenia Kazakh (prefix UL7) and Kirghiz (prefix UM8) You could write books on the history of the different Russian Countries which did appear after World War II. To mention one, the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, formed in 1936. The Kirghiz Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic, established in 1920, was renamed the Kazakh Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic in 1925 when the Kazakhs were officially distinguished from the Kyrgyz. Although the Russian Empire recognized the ethnic difference between the groups, it called them both "Kyrgyz" to avoid confusion between the terms "Kazakhs" and Cossacks (both names originating from the Turkic "free man") Tadzhik (new country, prefix UI8) In 1924, the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was created as a part of Uzbekistan, but in 1929 the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic (Tajik SSR) was made a separate constituent republic; however, the predominantly ethnic Tajik cities of Samarkand and Bukhara remained in the Uzbek SSR. After World War II, Tadzhik became a Sovjet Republic. Moldavia (new country, prefix UO5) In 1940, as a consequence of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Romania was compelled to cede Bessarabia to the Soviet Union, leading to the creation of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (Moldavian SSR). Karelo-Finnish Republic (new country, prefix UN1) The Karelo-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic was established by the Soviet government on March 31, 1940 by merging the Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic with the Finnish Democratic Republic. The latter was created in territory ceded by Finland in the Winter War by the Moscow Peace Treaty, namely the Karelian Isthmus and Ladoga Karelia, including the cities of Viipuri and Sortavala. The entire Karelian population of the ceded areas, about 422,000 people, was evacuated to Finland, and the territories were settled by peoples from other parts of the Soviet Union.
Postwar DXCC - 01