DXCC Changes 1961-1962

Changes in 1961 and 1962 Entities January 1961: Active 305, Deleted: 12, Withdrawn 4 In QST of January 1961, a Countries list was printed on page 80. The heading of this list made clear that this list did count only for the 1961 DX contest ONLY. Kaliningradsk (UA2) added ( QST January 1961, page 94) Announcement is hereby made of the addition to the ARRL Countries List of Kaliningradsk Region. A territory of the Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic, Kaliningradsk Region is situated between Poland and Lithuania. This addition is in accordance with Point 3 of the country criteria as explained in the April, 1960, issue of QST on page 80. Kaliningradsk Region QSO’s must be dated November 15, 1945 or later. Before World War II the Kaliningradsk Region was called East Prussia. Change to Mali Federation ( QST January 1961, page 94) In the September, 1960, issue of QST, announcement was made regarding the addition to the ARRL Countries List of the Mali Federation (FF). In view of the short existence of the Mali Federation, we are deleting the listing of Mali Federation and replacing it with the two listings of Mali Republic and Senegal Republic. These two republics are the ones that made up the Mali Federation. (The Mali Republic was formerly known as the Sudanese Republic.) If DXCC credit already has been given toward the Mali Federation listing, credit will be automatically transferred to the appropriate listing. For example, if credit has been given toward the Mali Federation listing for a contact with FF8JC, then that credit will be entered as credit toward the Senegal Republic. However, in this particular example, no new credit can be claimed for a contact with the Mali Republic until March 1, 1961. If your read the QST message of January 1961 careful you may notice that the message is NOT complete. It should ALSO read: Another example, if you got credit for FF8AJ toward the Mali Federation then that credit will be entered as credit toward the Mali Republic. However in this particular example, no new credit can be claimed for a contact with the Senegal Republic until March 1, 1961. Contacts in both cases must have been made June 20, 1960, or later Mali Federation deleted. This country became divided in two other countries Mali Republic and Senegal Republic. Did the DXCC advisory Committee a messy job last year? No. After the Mali Federation got independent, there was immediately a struggle in the Federation. Senegal did split of and declared itself independent on August 20, 1960. Then Mali became a republic on September 23, 1960. Both countries did get international recognition. Later Senegal got the prefix 6W. Mali the TZ prefix. More Point 1, Point 2 and Point 3 areas added. The DXCC Searchers found again some interesting places on the globe. More Islands obeyed the DXCC rules. and became a DXCC Entity. The island of Bajo Nuevo (HK0) was a point 3 member. The reason was that KS4B (Serrana Bank, a USA possession was added to the list. Baja Nuevo, a Columbia Island, now had no free sight to Mother country Columbia. Point 3 did also count for Kure Island. No free sight towards “mother” Hawaii. Midway island blocked the free sight. Another point 3 addition was East Pakistan. The mother country of this piece of land was West Pakistan When India gained independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines. The western part went to the Dominion of India and was named West Bengal. The eastern part went to the Dominion of Pakistan as a province called East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan in 1956), In 1955 the former French enclave of Chandannagar, which had passed into Indian control after 1950, was integrated into West Bengal. Both West and East Bengal experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947. (East Pakistan became the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971) Adding of Malpelo Island (HK0) was much easier. Malpelo was added because of Point 2, the geographical rule. Bajo Nuevo (HK0) added. (QST March 1961, page 64) Announcement is hereby made of the addition to the ARRL Countries List of Bajo Nuevo. A territory claimed by Colombia, Bajo Nuevo is situated in the Caribbean Sea approximately 400 miles NNW of Colombia and approximately 250 miles NNE of the Colombian island of Providencia. The DXCC listing of Roncador Cay & Serrana Bank separates Bajo Nuevo from the island of Providencia. This addition is in accordance with Point 2 and 3 of the Country Criteria as explained in the April, '60 issue of QST on page 80. Confirmations for contacts with Bajo Nuevo must be dated November 15, 1945 or later. Kure Island (KH6) & East Pakistan added (QST May 1961, page 91) Announcement is hereby made of two additions to the ARRL Countries List. The additions are Kure Island and East Pakistan. Although Kure Island is the westernmost island of the Hawaiian Islands, its separation from the rest of the Hawaiian chain by Midway places it under Point 3 of the criteria (see page 80, April 1960 QST, DXCC Note). East Pakistan also comes under Point 3 of the Criteria. Confirmations for contacts with Kure Island and East Pakistan must be dated November 15, 1945 or later. Malpelo (HK0) added (QST June 1961, page 83) Announcement is hereby made of the addition to the ARRL Countries List of Malpelo Island. Malpelo Island is located in the Pacific Ocean some 310 miles west of Bueneventura, Colombia. The closest point of Colombian territory to Malpelo Island measures 232 miles, thus placing it under Point 2 of the criteria (see page 80, April 1960 QST, DXCC Note). Confirmations for contacts with Malpelo Island must be dated November 15, 1945 or later. Damao and Diu (CR8) added (QST August 1961, page 79) Announcement is hereby made of two additions to the ARRL Countries List. These additions are DAMAO and DIU. Both Damao and Diu are pieces of Portuguese territory situated on the west coast of India. Each of these will be considered as separate from each other and from the present listing of Goa by virtue of Point 3 of the criteria (see page 80, April 1960 QST, DXCC Notes). Confirmations for contacts with either Damao or Diu must be dated November 1, 1945, or later. Later (QST September 1961, page 83). Damao and Diu did change from Two Entities to One. You may say, that Damao and Diu, became Withdrawn, and Damao-Diu was added as a New One. CORRECTION: With reference to the DXCC Note of August 1961 QST (p. 78) regarding the addition to the Countries List of Damao and Diu, inasmuch as Point 3 of the criteria calls for the separation of 75 miles of foreign land, Damao and Diu cannot be considered as two listings but rather as one. Damao and Diu will be considered as separate from the Goa listing by virtue of Point 3 of the criteria. Confirmations for contacts with Damao-Diu must be dated November 1, 1945, or later. DXCC credit claims may be made for the two additions Damao and Diu starting October 1, 1961. This shows that NO One could have a credit for Damao or Diu . The September corrections did NOT change the credit claims for Damao-Diu. Kuwait/Saudi Arabia Neutral Zone added (QST September 1961, page 83). Announcement is hereby made of the addition to the ARRL Countries list of KUWAIT/SAUDI ARABIA NEUTRAL ZONE. This Neutral Zone is located between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia and encompasses territory over which the sovereignty has not been established. Only confirmations for contacts with stations which have had specific written permission to operate from this Neutral Zone by either Kuwait or Saudi Arabia will be accepted for DXCC credit. Confirmations for contacts with the Kuwait/Saudi Arabia Neutral Zone must be dated November 15, 1945 or later. What do you think about this one? Permission from any of two different countries was needed to give credit to QSO’s made from this neutral zone. The ITU had given the Block 8ZA-8ZZ to Saudi Arabia, and 9KA-9KZ to Kuwait. Kamaran Islands (VS9K) added (QST December 1961, page 90). Announcement is hereby made of the addition to the ARRL Countries List of Kamaran Islands. The Kamaran Islands are located in the Red Sea off the coast of Yemen. Confirmations for contacts with the Kamaran Islands must be dated November 15, 1945, or later. Entities January 1962: Active 314, Deleted: 12, Withdrawn 5 Political changes in 1962 Belgium did loose complete control over the Belgian Congo. This resulted in the new entity Ruanda-Urundi (9U5) in 1960. Ruanda-Urundi became independent on 1 July 1962, broken up along traditional lines as the independent Republic of Rwanda and Kingdom of Burundi. It took two more years before the government of the two became wholly separate. Ruanda-Urundi is of course NO withdrawn country. Ruanda-Urundi did get on the Deleted list, and Rwanda (9X5) and Burundi (9U5) became a New One. The Portuguese invaded Goa in 1510, defeating the Bijapur Sultanate. The Portuguese rule lasted for about 450 years, and heavily influenced Goan culture, cuisine, and architecture. In 1961, the Indian Army invaded Goa. After a 36 hour battle this resulted in the unconditional surrender of Portuguese forces on 19 December 1961. The region was incorporated as a union territory of Goa, Damao and Diu. This battle let to the deletion of the two CR8 Entities The island of Guam was also added to the ARRL Countries list in 1962. The island of Guam (KG6) is an unincorporated territory of the United States in the North Pacific Ocean, the largest, most populous, and southernmost of the Mariana Islands. It lies about 5,800 miles (9,300 km) west of San Francisco and 1,600 miles (2,600 km) east of Manila. Hold on a moment. Why does Guam count as a separate entity if it belongs to the Mariana Islands, and there is no possible point 2 reason? The direct result of World War II on the Mariana Islands was that, after the war, the Northern Mariana Islands came under the control of the United States in the same way they had earlier come under the control of Japan after World War I. However, this time they became part of the U.S.-administered Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) established pursuant to Security Council Resolution 21. The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands later became a U.S. territory following its exit from the TTPI pursuant to Security Council Resolution 683. Although now both under U.S. control, the Northern Mariana Islands are separate from Guam. Efforts at reunification have failed in part due to residual post-war tensions resulting from the very different histories of Guam (occupied by Japan for only 31 months, in wartime) and the Northern Mariana Islands (more peacefully occupied by Japan, for about 30 years). Damao, Diu and Goa deleted (QST April 1962, page 85) Announcement is hereby made of the deletion to the ARRL Countries List of two listings. Effective as of January 1, 1962, the listings of Damao, Diu, and Goa are deleted. Only QSO’s prior to January 1, 1962 will be creditable for DXCC Three additions and one deletion (QST September 1962, page 85) Announcement is hereby made of three additions and one deletion to the ARRL Countries List. The additions to the list are (1) Ruanda, (2) Urundi, and (3) Guam. The deletion is Ruanda-Urundi. RUANDA and URUNDI: On July 1, 1961, the former U.N. Trust Territory of Ruanda-Urundi, under the administration of Belgium, became two completely separate and independent countries. Therefore, contacts with either RUANDA or URUNDI made July 1, 1962 and after will be considered as separate and different from the listing of the U.N. Trust Territory of Ruanda-Urundi. DXCC credit claims for these two new listings may be made for QSO’s starting July 1, 1962 RUANDA-URUNDI: DXCC credit claims for the listing of Ruanda-Urundi may be made only for contacts with Ruanda- Urundi between the dates of June 30, 1960, and July 1, 1962. The latest deleted list shows a different view of these dates. (9U5). Only contacts made July 1, 1960 to June 30, 1962 count for this entity. The DXCC Honor Roll listings will show the adjustment of totals where Ruanda-Urundi credits are concerned. GUAM: Concerning the addition of Guam to the Countries List: A re-examination and factual evaluation of the question of Guam, with relation to the rest of the Mariana Islands group, shows definite and substantial reasons for not only the addition of Guam to the Countries List but also a re-evaluation of the credits that have previously been given toward the Mariana Islands listing. The reallocation of credits previously given will be made in the following manner. If the credit that has been given toward the Mariana Islands listing was for contact with a station operating from Guam, then Guam credit will automatically be given upon submission of a confirmation for a contact with any of the other islands in the Mariana Islands group. Conversely, if the credit that has been given for the Mariana Islands listing was for a contact with one of the other islands in the Mariana Islands group other than Guam, then a confirmation for a contact with a station operating on Guam must be submitted for Guam credit. No great problem should be posed to anyone in evaluating their KG6 credits or confirmations. For the most part call signs issued for use in both Guam and the other islands in the Mariana Group are distinctive and readily recognizable inasmuch as the first letter of the call following the prefix is indicative of the location of the station. For example, in the case of stations licensed for operation from Guam, the first letter of the call following the prefix presently runs from A through H. Call signs issued for use in the Mariana Trust Territory islands of Rota, Saipan and Tinian have R, S, and T, respectively, as the first letter following the prefix. Entities December 1962: Active 314, Deleted: 15, Withdrawn 5
Postwar DXCC - 03
New Honor Roll system (QST April 1962, page 85) Attention is called to the new DXCC Honor Roll system starting in QST this month. It has been the contention, by some, that the deleted countries are a factor in attaining an Honor Roll position. Inasmuch as the number of deleted countries has reached a point where it is not only conceivable but in some cases it could be an actual factor in a participant's possible attainment of an Honor Roll position, recognition of this is made. Henceforth, Honor Roll positions will be based on a person's DXCC total less those credits given for deleted countries. As will be noted, both totals are shown. Endorsement stickers will still be issued on the basis of over-all totals.
HK0AB (1962) This group photo was taken aboard the M.V. Arcabra approaching San Andres Island at the conclusion of the trip. Back: HK3SO Fernando Gargrecht, W8FGX Jake Schott, W4CKB Bev Cavender, HK3LX Edmundo Quinones, HK0AI Victor Abrahams, HK5EV Carlos Valencia, W6HAW Boots Olsen, HK5EV/2 Enrique Valencia Front: W4QVJ Ed Cushing, -- George Allendorf, W4DQS Dale Strieter, HK1QQ Herman Olarte.
A 1965 visit on Kure island Saudi-Kuwait neutral zone VS9K, read Sea operation from an island belonging to Yemen KG6APP, a phone QSO in 1970 og PA0ABM Vasco da Gama is a city in Goa, named after the famous Portugese explorer This country did not long exist