DXCC Changes 1960

Changes in 1960 Entities Januari 1960: Active 296, Deleted: 6, Withdrawn 3 Crossing the magical 300 border Again results for the DXCC Searchers. Or should I say The DXCC GPS, the Geographic-Political- Searchers. They found some “RARE” spots on the globe. The island of Saint Brandon (VQ8) in the Cargados Carajos Shoals, belonging to Mauritius was added because of Point 2. The same did count for Willis Island (VK4), belonging to Australia. Later in 1960 addition was made for the Auckland and Campbell Islands (ZL/A) and Minami Torishima (JD1), better know as Marcus Islands. Confirmatiobns did count from the start date of DXCC, November 15,1945. But who did have already one or more of these “New Ones” confirmed. Cargados Carajos (VQ8) and Willis Islands (VK4) added QST January 1960, (page 86). Announcement is hereby made of the addition to the ARRL Countries List of Cargados Carajos, VQ8. Cargados Carajos Shoals is located in the Indian Ocean approximately 260 miles NNE of Mauritius. Announcement is also made of the addition to the ARRL Countries List of Willis Islands, VK4. The Willis Islands are located in the Coral Sea outside the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia and approximately 240 miles east of Port Douglas. Both of these additions are made by virtue of point 2 as explained in the July 1959 QST, page 84. QSO’s for both countries count from November 15, 1945 Cargados Carajos was renamed in Agalega & Saint Brandon, the prefix changed in 3B6 and 3B7 Auckland & Campbell (ZL/A) added (QST April 1960, page 80) Announcement is hereby made of the addition to the ARRL Countries List of Auckland & Campbell Islands. Both of these islands are located in the Pacific Ocean south of New Zealand. Campbell Island is approximately 500 miles south of New Zealand, Auckland Island is about 150 miles closer. Confirmations from either of these places will count the same for DXCC credit. QSO’s for Auckland & Campbell (ZL/A) count from November 15, 1945. Five additions and five deletions. Caymans reinstated Wow, they did shake the DXCC list very hard. File more entities added but also five found their DXCC live ending. The announcement showed first the “New Ones”, and the first to mention was Marcus Island (Minami Torishima). Therefore we may say that Minami Torishima was Entity number 300 on the DXCC list. QST September 1960, page 90). Announcement is hereby made of five new and separate additions to the ARRL's Countries List. DXCC credit claims may be made for these five starting November 1, 1960. Claims for any of these five received before November 1, 1960, will be returned without credit. The additions are as follows: Marcus Island (JD1): Marcus Island is located in the Pacific Ocean approximately 700 miles due east of Iwo Jima. It is an isolated island neither attached to nor part of any island group. Confirmations for contacts with Marcus Island stations must be dated November 15, 1945 or later. Mali Federation (FF): The Mali Federation is located in West Africa and includes the Senegal and Sudanese Republics. The territories of Senegal and French Sudan have in the past been considered as parts of the French West Africa listing. On June 20, 1960, the Mali Federation became independent and no longer can be considered as part of the French West Africa listing. The Mali Federation separates areas that have been identified with the French West Africa listing. This change places Mauritania, one portion of the French West Africa listing, to the west and several other areas to the east. While it is expected that there will be further changes in the French West Africa listing, at the present time those areas to the east of the Mali Federation will continue to be creditable toward the French Africa listing. Confirmations for contacts with Mali Federation stations must be dated June 20, 1960 or later. Mauritania (5T): Mauritania was previously considered as part of the French West Africa listing. By virtue of the separation by the Mali Federation and in accord with point 3 of our published criteria (See May 1955 QST, page 68, and July 1959 QST, page 84), Mauritania is now a separate listing. Confirmations for contacts with Mauritania stations must be dated June 20, 1960 or later. Ruanda-Urundi (9U5): Previously considered for DXCC purposes to be with the Belgian Congo because of its administrative attachment to the Belgian Congo, Ruanda-Urundi will, as of July 1, 1960, be considered as a separate listing. Ruanda-Urundi is a UN Trust Territory administrated by Belgium. Confirmations for contacts with Ruanda-Urundi stations must be dated July 1, 1960 or later. Somalia Republic (6O): The Somalia Republic came into being as of July 1, 1960. It comprises the two former listings of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland. Confirmations for contacts with Somalia Republic stations must be dated July 1, 1960 or later. The Deletions Announcement is hereby made of the deletion of the following five listings from the ARRL's Countries List. British Somaliland (VQ6) and Italian Somaliland: (I5) In view of the formation of the Somalia Republic by the combining of these two areas and since such areas no longer exist, these two listings are deleted for crediting purposes. In May 1960 the British government declared that they would give up government of the protectorate of British Somaliland if the Italian government would do the same for Italian Somaliland, The Italian did agree. The two Somaliland’s did melt together and became an independent republic on July 1, 1960, called Mogadishu Somaliland (6O). Only confirmations for contacts with these two listings dated June 30, 1960 or earlier will be creditable to the British and Italian Somaliland listings. Karelo-Finnish Republic: (UN1) Because of an earlier action of the Supreme Soviet incorporating the Karelo- Finnish Republic into the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, its status is changed. For DXCC crediting purposes, contacts with those stations in the Karelo-Finnish area made July 1, 1960 or later will be considered as creditable to the European Russian Soviet Federated Socialistic Republic listing. Karelia (UN1), the Karelo-Finnish Republic, became an area of the oblast Leningrad. This happened on July 16, 1956, so from that date, Karelia was a part of the U.S.S.R You may say that it is strange that QSO’s with UN1 still counted as a separate entity until June 30, 1960. Only confirmations for contacts with Karelo-Finnish Republic stations dated June 30, 1960 or earlier will be creditable to the Karelo-Finnish Republic listing. Tangier (CN2): In as much as the Tangier area of Morocco is now considered an integral part of Morocco, For DXCC crediting purposes, contacts with those stations in the Tangier area of Morocco made July 1, 1960 or later will be considered as creditable to the Morocco listing i.e. CN8, CN9. The enclave Tangier (CN2) did lose its identity as an Free Trade Area in 1956. So why was Tangier until June 30, 1960 a DXCC entity? DX is!! Only confirmations for contacts dated June 30, 1960 or earlier will be creditable to the Tangier listing. Wrangel Island: This deletion is made in view of the fact Wrangel Island meets none of the published criteria for separate status. Since no one has ever received DXCC credit for Wrangel Island, its deletion will affect no one's total. This deletion is effective immediately. Wrangel Island was removed (Withdrawn) from the DXCC list, but did NOT add to the Deleted list. No one did get a credit for this one, because no one was active from Wrangel Island. It is separated from the Siberian mainland by the Long Strait, and the island itself is a landmark separating the East Siberian Sea from the Chukchi Sea on the northern end. The distance to the closest point on the mainland is 87 miles (140 Km). Reinstalling of the Cayman Islands (VP5) (QST September 1960, page 90) We are pleased to announce the return to separate status of the Cayman Island listing. A review of the question of the separate status of the Cayman Islands shows factors not considered at the time of the original decision. This announcement supersedes footnote 5 on the ARRL Operating Aid No. 7 (Rev 8/59) and the DXCC Note in the June 1958 issue of QST relative to the Cayman Island listing. Confirmations for contacts with the Cayman Islands (VP5) or contacts dated November 15, 1945 or later will be creditable as a separate listing. Because they did forget last year to delete Cayman Islands (VP5) from this list de active DXCC list, there was no change in the amount of active DXCC Entities needed. Almost 50 years later another reinstalling did happen with two Entities (Midway Islands and Kure Island) But that is another story. French African Possessions The year 1960 was not ended with changes to the DXCC list. The Constitution of the French Fifth Republic of 1958 again changed the structure of the colonies from the French Union to the French Community. Each territory was to become a "Protectorate", with the consultative assembly named a National Assembly. The Governor appointed by the French was renamed the "High Commissioner", and made head of state of each territory. The Assembly would name an African as Head of Government with advisory powers to the Head of State. Legally, the federation ceased to exist after the September 1958 referendum to approve this French Community. All the colonies except Guinea voted to remain in the new structure. Guineans voted overwhelmingly for independence. In 1960, a further revision of the French constitution, compelled by the failure of the French Indochina War and the tensions in Algeria, allowed members of the French Community to unilaterally change their own constitutions. Senegal and former French Sudan became the Mali Federation (1960–61), while Ivory Coast, Niger, Upper Volta and Dahomey subsequently formed the short-lived Sahel-Benin Union, later the Conseil de l'Entente. This happened also with French Equatorial Africa. When the territories voted in the September 1958 referendum to become autonomous within the French Community, the federation of French Equatorial Africawas dissolved. In 1959 the new republics formed an interim association called the Union of Central African Republics, before becoming fully independent in August 1960. So French West Africa (FN8) and French Equatorial Africa (FQ8) got on the Deleted list. And the DXCC list was added with Eight ‘New Ones’. Eight additions and two deletions in French African possession (QST October 1960, page 92) Announcement is hereby made of eight new and separate additions to the ARRL's Countries List. DXCC credit claims may be made for these eight starting December 1, 1960. Claims for any of these eight received before December 1, 1960 will be returned without credit. Four of these additions concern Republics formerly contained in the French West Africa listing. Contacts made on or after the date of independence for each of the following will be considered as separate from the French West Africa listing: Dahomey Republic (TY) August 1, 1960 Niger Republic (5U) August 3, 1960 Voltaic Republic (XT) August 5, 1960 Ivory Coast (TU) August 7, 1960 The other four concern Republics formerly contained in the French Equatorial Africa listing. Contacts made on or after the date of independence for each of the following will be considered as separate from the French Equatorial Africa listing: Chad Republic (TT) August 11, 1960 Central African Republic (TL) August 13, 1960 Congo Republic (TN) August 15, 1960 Gabon Republic (TR) August 17, 1960 Announcement is also made of the deletion of the French West Africa (FN8) listing and the French Equatorial Africa (FQ8) listing. DXCC credit can be claimed toward the French West Africa listing for contacts made with the Dahomey, Niger, Voltaic, and Ivory Coast Republics prior to their independence dates listed above. The last Deleted list however has October 31, 1954 as the last date for credits for FN8 DXCC credit can be claimed toward the French Equatorial Africa listing for contacts made with Chad, Central African, Congo, and Gabon Republics prior to their independence dates listed above. The last Deleted list however has August 16, 1960 as the last date for crieits for FQ8 With all these changes, the year 1960 became the year the DXCC list had the most changes. Those 23 changes were divided into 16 New ones, 6 Deleted and 1 Withdrawn. The active list did grow with 16-(6+1)=9 Entities, DXCC list changes from 1955 to 1960 Entities December 1960: Active 305, Deleted: 12, Withdrawn 4
Postwar DXCC - 02
Willis got the prefix prefix  VK9W ZL4OY used the /A for his Auckland operation One of my SSB QSOs, long ago On the road to  5B-DXCC (100 Watts) Ruana-Urundi, only 2 years a DXCC credit British Protectorate VQ6 This one counts for Karelia CN2 is now Marocco Wrangel Island withdrawn Cayman Island, mistake remove Changed into 4 new countries