DXCC Changes 1956-1957

Changes in 1956 and 1957 The last ten years the DXCC countries list had already many changes. 23 Countries were added and 4 entries came on the Deleted list. And that strange one, Tannu Tuva belonged to Asiatic Russia, so DXers, if they had any Tannu Tuva QSL card had to move the QSL card to their UA9/UA0 QSL-box. But as you can read, the ARRL Countries list (DXCC list ) kept changing. Entities January 1956: Active 277, Deleted: 3, Withdrawn 1 DXCC was booming business for the DXers. More and more Entities did get on the DXCC list. Hams did buy good geological maps to search for new DXCC Enities which could stand against the DXCC rules. And yes the DXCC- Searchers found some new ones. Tromelin Island (FR/T) added The first new one was Tromelin Island (QST Mar. 1956, page 74). This island is located approximately 260 miles off NE Madagascar in 54 degrees longitude. Tromelin was administrated by the government on Reunion Island. (Rule Point 2a, geographical) Nauru (VK9) added The second new one was Nauru (VK9) (QST July 1956, page 75). This island is located in the west Pacific Ocean, 26 miles south of the equator, longitude 167 degrees East and lies west of the Gilbert Islands. This announcement follows as a result of the operation from Nauru by G2RO and the subsequent submission of a confirmation by a DXCC member. After World War II Nauru became an U.N. Trust Territory, handled by Australia, (added to DXCC for political reason) Revilla Gigedo (XF4) added The third new Entity was Revilla Gigedo (XF4) (QST Aug. 1956, page 80). This group of islands is located approximately 420 miles west of Colima, Mexico, in the Pacific Ocean and includes the islands of San Bernedicto, Socorro, Clarion and Roca Partida. This islands group belong to Mexico. (Rule Point 2a, geographical) Aves Island (YV0) added The last new one of 1956 was Aves Island (YV0) (QST Sept. 1956, page 78). This island is Venezuelan territory located in the Caribbean Sea approximately 275 miles north of the nearest Venezuelan land (Isla La Blanquilla), and about 330 miles from what could be considered the Venezuelan mainland (Isla de Margarita). (Rule Point 2a, geographical) QSOs with Tromelin (FR/T) count from November 15, 1945 QSOs with Nauru (VK9) count from November 15, 1945 QSOs with Revilla Gigedo (XF4) count from November 15, 1945 QSOs with Aves island (YV0) count from November 15, 1945 Entities January 1957: Active 281, Deleted: 3, Withdrawn 1 Saarland and Trieste deleted (QST, April 195, page 85) In view of the present status of Saarland and Trieste, effective as April 1, 1957 these two countries will no longer be counted as separate for DXCC purposes. All confirmations dated April 1, 1957 and after, from Saarland and Trieste, will be considered as Germany and Italy respectively. Confirmations dated prior to April 1, 1957 will still count as separate credits. Sad for Trieste (MF2, I, AG2) but his Entity ended on the Deleted list. After World War II Trieste came und control of Anglo American and Yugoslavia military. And after the Treaty of Paris (1947), Trieste became the Free Territory of Trieste. On October 5, 1954, (Treaty of London), the Free territory got divided into 2 pieces. The Northern part came under Italian government (including the town of Trieste). The other part came under Yugoslavian government. However it lasted until 1977 when the area officially became paret of Italy and Yugoslavia. So, why do QSO’s with Trieste count until March 31 of 1957? QSO’s with Trieste (I) count until March 31, 1957 for DXCC Also Saarland was added to the Deleted list. On 27 October 1956, the Saar Treaty declared that Saarland should be allowed to join the Federal Republic of Germany, which it did on 1 January 1957 So Saarland was not a status aparte entity anymore and this happened on January 1, 1957. So the question comes up to me. Why do Saarland QSO’s count until March 31 of 1957? QSO’s with Saarland (9S4) count until March 31, 1957 for DXCC Gold Coast, British Togoland and Ghana The German protectorate Togoland was invaded on August 26, 1914 by British and French troops and after five day of heavy resistance Togoland capitalized. In 1916 the protectorate was divided into 2 administrative zones, one came under French control, the other under British government. Following the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles on 20 July 1922, Togoland formally became a League of Nations Class B mandate divided into French Togoland and British Togoland, covering respectively about two-thirds and one-third of the territory. After World War II both mandates became trustees of the United nations. British Togoland was controlled by Gold Coast under the name of Trans-Volta Togo. In 1954 The British government did informed the UN that they could not take care of Trans-Volta Togo if Gold Coast did get independency. This happened on March 6, 1957. From that date two British colonies Gold Coast and British Togoland (Trans-Volta Togo) went into history under the name of Ghana. So, history of Ghana is not a simple change of a name from Gold Coast into Ghana, but an amalgamation of 2 entities. This would bring 2 entities more to the deleted list, and one new one Ghana on the DXCC list. But British Togoland did never get the Postwar DXCC list. Therefore just ONE deletion (Gold Coast (ZD4)) and ONE new one (Ghana (9G) Oh, what is wrong? The 2019 Edition of the ARRL DXCC list and Deleted list shows for these Countries the following dates Only contacts with Gold Coast (ZD4) made March 5, 1957 and before count for this entity Only contacts with Ghana (9G) made March 5, 1957 and after count for this entity So, a QSO with ZD4 or 9G on March 5, 1957 counts for Gold Coast AND for Ghana. This is of course a small mistake in the ARRL Countries list OR the Deleted list. Or is there a start time and end time missing? QST of May 1957 (page 92) shows what the mistake is. Announcement is hereby made of the following change in the ARRL Countries List. Starting March 5, 1957, contacts with Ghana, formerly the Gold Coast, will be credited as a separate country. Gold Coast contacts made prior to March 5, 1957, will continue to count for that country. DO NOT submit confirmations for Ghana credit before July 1, 1957 DXCC Entity searching There are still areas on the globe that can be added to the ARRL Countries list. Of course you need good maps. But also you must have knowledge about the political situation of that area. And to be added, the area must obey the DXCC rules. In 1957, the “DXCC Searchers” found two of these areas Aland Islands (OH0) added (QST, January 1957, page 73) The addition of the Aland Islands was the first new one. These islands are Finnish territory located in the South Gulf of Bothnia between Sweden and Finland. Aland had a kind of self-government and got on the DXCC list because of Point 2b(ii). Rodriguez Island added (QST, December 1957, page 97) Addition of Rodriguez Island was the second one. This island is located in the Indian Ocean approximately 375 miles east of Mauritius. In the announcement in DXCC notes of QST you could read that the addition was because Rodriguez made it according Point 2a of the rules. Addition is made by virtue of point two as explained in May 1955 QST, page 68 (See below) Country Considerations. What makes a country in the ARRL Countries List? Not many DXers think much about this since the standard list for reference is reprinted up-to-date in each January QST, and put out in folder form. You can mark your countries as you work them, while collecting your 100 cards to submit for DXCC. Watch DXCC Notes headings in QST for any possible list changes; such are usually additions. "How's DX?" may give you additional facts about the presence or absence of signals or countries, also "where to find" the DX reported, documenting your kind assistance. The ARRL Countries List is a yardstick for DX, the standard for use in connection with the ARRL DX Competition and the DX Century Club. But we started to tell you what's behind the list in terms of country policy. The League Communications Department is assigned the honor and responsibility for making operator certifications and awards. A standard published list assures uniformity, and one goal for all concerned to work toward, either contestwise or for countries credits. A group of experienced staff- member licensed amateurs assist the Communications Manager in arriving at decisions through discussion and analysis of operating problems requiring administrative review. On countries the "approach to the problem" may, we think, interest you. There are three criteria on which facts are determined in approaching any countries problem: (1) Does the area have political independence? (2) Does it have adequate geographical separation from a parent nation? (3) Does it have foreign lands in between? Of course, whatever the list permits, it is the same for all working to the goal. But the reason respect for our list is general is, we think, because it is progressively kept up to date as governments change; also that any modifications only follow League inquiry and precedents and consultation with authorities such as our U.S. Department of State, Webster's Geographical Dictionary, and Rand McNally. The ARRL Countries List is the guide in determining what to send us in order to qualify for the ARRL DX Century Club award. It is available to members of the League on request; ask for Operating Aid No. 7. Entities January 1958: Active 281, Deleted: 6, Withdrawn 1
Postwar DXCC - 02
ARRL League Communications Department. The 1957 members: W1BDI, F.E. Handy - Manager W1WPO, Bob While - Assistant Mgr. (CW) W1ZDP, Phill Simmons - Assistant W1NJM, George. Hart - Emergency Coordinator W1YYM, Ellen White, - Assitant Mgr.(Phone) W1ZJE, LillianSalter - Administratieve Aide
DXCC credit counting With any new Entity addition to the ARRL Countries list (DXCC- List). You could get a DXCC credit two months after the addition. This was the message in QST DXCC credit will be given starting ‘Month’, ‘Day’, ‘Year’ creditable confirmations dated on or after November 15, 1945. This is to permit foreign amateurs to start receiving credits at the same time as those in the U.S.A. Confirmations received prior to ‘Month’, ‘Day’, ‘Year’ for this country will be returned without credit.
FB8BK, starnge prefix for Tromelin (now FT/T) Nauru was added to the DXCC in 1956 Some of these DXers made al fail attempt to activate Aldabra islands in October 1960 YV0AA, Aves Island, belongs to Venezuela Trieste split in two parts. Part A went To Italy This QSO made from Germany counts as Saarland, DX is !! Gold Coast,  until March 4, 1957 Ghana,  starting March 5, 1957 One of the Ops at OH1ST/0 Aland Island