Changes in 1955Entities January 1955: Active 273 Deleted: 1Now the year 1955. This year the DXCC list did have a lot of changes. Probably the ARRL DX Committy decided to clean up the DXCC list. French India (FN8) deleted. QST Jan.1955, (page 73)Effective November 1, 1954, French India, FN8, has been deleted from the Countries list, since on that date it became a part of India. In 1948 France started to turn some colonies back to India. The colonies on the Eastcoast of India could choose their own destiny. Some had already self-government from may 2, 1950 (Chandernagore). On November 1, 1954 Self Government was given to the enclaves of Pondichéry, Yanam, Mahe, and Karikal. West Begal followed on October 2, 1955.QSOs with French India (FN8) count from November. 15, 1945 til October 31, 1954French Indo-China (FI8) deletedQST Nov.1955, (pagina 62)As of July 19, 1955 credits will no longer be made toward the listing shown as French Indo-China (FI8) on the ARRL Countries List. Credits for French Indo-China (FI8) will still be given for confirmations showing the contact date to be prior to July 20, 1955 with the exception of contacts made during the period when French Indo-China (FI8) was on the "banned list."QSOs with French Indo-China (FI8) count from November 15, 1945 until December 20,1950The QSL of W6ODD/FI8 is for a QSO madein 1948, so count for a Frans Indochina creditThe message in QST shows May 20,1955 as last QSO date with French Indochina. But in the 2019, rules you can read December 20 december, 1950 as last date. The QSL of FI8AA does NOT count for French IndoChina. Maybe FI8AA does count for Vietnam (FI8)?. (DX is !!).Banned ListIn QST Mar. 1955, (page. 59) you could read a reminder of the FCC banned list. It included French Indo-China (Cambodia, Laos and Viet-Nam), Republic of Indonesia, Iran, Korea, and Thailand.On September 2, 1945, President Ho Chi Minh declared the independency of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. But before the end of September British, French and Japanse soldiers restored the French authority. Then the first Indo-Chinese war followed. In 1950, Ho Chi Min declared Vietnam again independent, supported by Russia and China. The war continued until May 1954 when de French got defeated. This was the end of French Indo China.In mid-July FCC announced that the government of Laos has withdrawn its objection, earlier filed with the International Telecommunications Union, to communication between its amateurs and the rest of the world. The prefix is XW8, and work with these stations is now permissible. (QST Sept. 1955, page. 47)Laos, (XW8) Cambodia (3W8), Viet Nam (FI8) added, French Indo-China (FI8) deletedQST Nov. 1955, (page 62). We are pleased to make announcement of the following additions to the ARRL Postwar Countries List: Laos (XW8), Cambodia (3W8), and Viet Nam (FI8). DXCC credit will be given for creditable confirmation of contacts made on or after July 20, 1955, with these countries. (Your attention is called to the fact Cambodia (3W8) and Viet Nam (FI8) are still on the "banned list" and credit cannot be given for these countries.)As of July 19, 1955 credits will no longer be made toward the listing shown as French Indo-China (FI8) on the ARRL Countries List. Credits for French Indo-China (FI8) will still be given for confirmations showing the contact date to be prior to July 20, 1955 with the exception of contacts made during the period when French Indo-China (FI8) was on the "banned list."So QSOs between November 15, 1945 and December 20 1950 count for French-Indo-China. QSOs with Laos (XW8) count from July 20, 1955QSOs with Cambodia (3W8) count from July 20, 1955QSOs with Viet Nam (FI8) count from July 20, 1955Strange is that in the latest DXCC list, there are NO startdates given voor QSO’s with these Entities. And naturally the prefix of Cambodia is now XU and Vietnam are 3W, XVSaint Martin (FG) & Sint Maarten (PJ2M) addedQST May 1955, (page 152). Two new countries are added to the ARRL Postwar Countries List. For purposes of identification these will appear on the list as Saint Martin (FG) and Sint Maarten (PJ2M).Saint Martin will encompass all French territory within the limits of 17 and 19 degrees north latitude and 62 and 64 degrees west longitude. Sint Maarten shall serve to designate Netherlands territory within these same boundariesBoth countries are forgotten ones on the DXCC list. One Island with two governments, one French and the other Dutch (Nederland)QSOs with Saint Martin (FG) count from November 15, 1945QSOs with Sint Maarten (PJ2M) count from November 15, 1945Wallis and Futuna Islands (FW8) addedIn QST of June (page 75) announcement was made of one addition and one deletion to the ARRL Postwar Countries List. The addition will be that of Wallis and Futuna Islands (FW8).These islands are located approximately 1100 mi. NNE of New Caledonia, of which they are a dependency. The deletion will be Tannu Tuva.Wallis & Futuna Eiland, (FW8) was a part of New Caledonia, but was separated from the main island, but was added because of the geographic rule (Point 3).QSOs with Wallis & Futuna Island,(FW8) count from November 15, 1945.Tannu Tuva deletedThe conclusion was made that Tannu Tuva NEVER was a separate Entity (country) according the DXCC rules. It was an area of the country of Asiatic Russia. After the Russian revolution of 1917 Russia became a communist country. The Tuvans (inhabitants of Tannu Tuva) did ask lenin for self government, and they got it in 1921. However Tannu Tuva did not build up an army or a government. In 1944, Tannu Tuva became a part of the Soviet Union. Kyzil was already pro-Russian, and there was uranium found.This ”Entity” however did NOT get on the Deleted list, buth was Withdrawn from the list. Tannu Tuva became the First of in total 10 Withdrawn Entities.Kermadec Islands (ZL/K) addedQST Sept. 1955, (page 55). According to maps the Kermadec Islands.had to be added to the ARRL Postwar Countries List. These islands are located approximately 600 miles NNE of North Cape, New Zealand, and are administered by New Zealand. Enough distance from the mainland to get the geographic rule (Point 3).QSOs with Kermadec Islands.(ZL/K) count of course from November 15, 1945Entities December 1955: Active 277, Deleted: 3, Withdrawn 1
Postwar DXCC - 02
The used QSL cardsThe QSL cards shown in my articles are found on many different places, to much to name them. Some of them are:Hamgallery.comClublog.orgDokufunk.comAlso DX magazines and other Webpages are a good source of informationMost Dutch cards are from the history-museum of PA1AT, Gerard. And of coure my QSL collection collected since 1965.